Reading the Bible, without Apologies


A Guide to Scripture, Then and Now
By James Kugel
848 pages. Free Press. $35.


In the traditional Jewish world, I have found, the vast majority of rabbis, scholars, and layman take one of two approaches to modern biblical scholarship. The first, and by far more prevalent approach to the problems and inconsistencies lacing the Bible, is to simply ignore them. (One acquaintance put this approach to me succinctly recently, when he said, “Biblical critics may have science, archaeology, anthropology, and linguistics on their side, but I have religion on mine.”)

The second approach, more laudable, perhaps, but arguably just as flawed as the first, is to say that biblical scholarship can, in fact, be consistent with the claims it strives to debunk. There are many biblical apologists within the ranks of traditional Judaism, especially among its more liberal members. The major problem with biblical apology, however, is that at its core it is all too often just that: apologetics. Trying to fit square pegs into round holes may be an intellectually pleasing exercise, but in this case, at least, trying to fit the ideas of modern biblical scholarship into the mold of traditional Judaism (and, indeed, Christianity) belies the very nature of what the former is striving to achieve.

There seems to be little wiggle room for those would-be traditionalist Jews who refuse to blind themselves to some of the relatively indisputable proofs of the modern biblical critic. Enter James Kugel. In How to Read the Bible: A Guide to Scripture, Then and Now, his epic overview of the Hebrew Bible, Kugel, an observant Jew as well as a former professor of Classical Hebrew Literature at Harvard (he now teaches at Bar-Ilan University in Israel, where he moved in 2003) strives to create meaning in a Bible stripped of its divine mantel.

Kugel’s lengthy but highly readable book traces a parallel path of the Bible from the first words of Genesis to the final stories of the Prophets. The first, what he calls the interpretations of the “ancient interpreters,” are, in many cases, the more familiar ones to us. These interpretations, Kugel explains, written and expounded from around 200 B.C.E., have colored the next two millennia’s reading and understanding of the Bible. The ancient interpreters came to the text, Kugel asserts, with preconceived notions about both its relevance and its infallibility. Therefore, if there were apparent contradictions within the Bible (for example, one must, depending on which book of the Torah one turns to, both burn and boil the Paschal lamb), those contradictions are meant to give one a deeper understanding of both the text itself and the divinity behind that text (thus, in this case, a later source, explaining that the Paschal lamb is to be "boiled" in fire).

The second strain of Biblical understanding, in Kugel’s view, is that of the modern Biblical scholars, those thinkers who, beginning in the 18th and 19th centuries looked for the Bible "as it was," or, in other words, before the ancient interpreters could get their hands on it. These scholars systematically rejected the a priori divinity and infallibility of the text, saw contradictions for what they were and, most famously, were unafraid to propose multiple-authorship of the text.

Kugel addresses the ancient interpreters' positions on a good many sections of the Bible and then explains, in many instances, what caused them to (mis)interpret the text in the way that they did. Then, Kugel analyzes the modern biblical scholars' approach to the same passages.

The results are both astounding and predictable. Kugel’s readings of the Bible uniformly side with the modern Biblical scholar. Passages of the Bible are seen to be misplaced. Biblical texts are often immoral, Biblical characters—seen in Jewish and Christian tradition as veritable saints—are often nefarious villains and rogues. Kugel, throughout the book, sides squarely with the most tenacious of the modern Biblical scholars, Orthodox credentials be damned.

Kugel does so both consciously and conspicuously, and, for both, he should be lauded.

At one point in his tome, he explains that “the quandary in which modern scholars (and those who know their work) find themselves derives precisely from their straddling two positions at once. On the one hand, they feel they have to do away with all of ancient biblical interpretation… These no longer seem axiomatically true, and besides, for reasons of simple intellectual honesty, such people are unwilling to hide from everything we now know about the historical circumstances of the Bible’s composition and the true meaning of its words. On the other hand, they still wish to preserve the idea of the Bible and the traditional role it has played in their religion. The result is always an elaborate, and often quite elegant, apologetic—but an apologetic nonetheless.” And an apologetic is just what Kugel seeks to avoid.

The book, then, turns into what amounts to an essential primer in modern biblical scholarship. Well, 35 of its chapters do. Ironically, it is the 36th chapter, entitled “After Such Knowledge,” which explores the questions of keeping faith in Judeo-Christian religion with the knowledge that its founding document is both man-made and error-ridden, that becomes the most controversial. One well-known (if not entirely well-admired) critic, writing in a prominent newspaper, exclaimed that, after 35 chapters of hard-ridden biblical scholarship, no apologetics can bring that ole’ time religion back. Kugel, on the other hand, seems to believe that he will be misrepresented as an ole’ time apologetic, writing that "I have some premonition that" reviews "will appear somewhere… conveniently skipping over the first thirty-five chapters of this book in order to concentrate on (and misrepresent) the thirty-sixth."

Kugel may be right, but if a reviewer does decide to ignore either the first breadth of the book or its final 30 pages, he will be doing both himself and his readers a great disservice. For, after all is said and done, modern Biblical criticism has been sketched out before. It is true that Kugel does a superb job at explaining how the Bible came to be the way it was, and why it has been interpreted in various ways over the millennia. But it is only in his denouement, where Kugel’s religious philosophy, his take on how to find spirituality and religion in a man-made Bible, that the truly radical idea of this book takes hold.

Kugel conjectures, in his book’s conclusion, that in Judaism, at least, “Scripture is ultimately valued not as history, nor as theology, nor even as the great, self-sufficient corpus of divine utterances” but instead the “basic divine commandment” of loving and serving God. “With such a purpose foremost, the Bible’s original component texts easily lent themselves to flexible reinterpretation.”

In other words, Kugel is arguing here for a Bible created by man, a Text that should be viewed as Divine simply because it has divine aspirations. To be sure, his argument is radical, and it may even be flawed. But, in making it, Kugel courageously refuses to bow to the pressure of either apologetics or ignorance, and at the same time allows himself to admit that the Bible, because of the generations of readers who continually molded and reinterpreted it, has a power and significance that is far greater than the sum of its parts.

viagra with non prescription vardenafil hydrochloride marketed as levitra patient cialis levitra vs viagra pills cialis compare levitra viagra buy viagra discount buying fake viagra cialis generic viagra impotence pill viagra viagra no rx canada online pharmacy viagra order viagra overnight delivery discount viagra buy cialis professional online free viagra without prescription viagra prescription Cialis 60 pills x 10 mg levitra buying viagra cialis discount buy cialis levitra viagra no prescription cheap cialis overnight delivery cialis price canada buy viagra now discount levitra buy viagra sale buy viagra non rx required discount levitra overnight delivery Viagra Professional 2 pills x 100 mg viagra cialis levitra 50mg generic viagra comparison levitra viagra buy viagra uk levitra order online Cialis Professional 12 pills x 20 mg order levitra without rx buy cheapest viagra buy levitra overnight delivery overnight levitra cheap viagra pill Cialis 120 pills x 10 mg generic cialis price buy cialis online viagra cialis discount online cialis vs levitra overnight viagra purchase buying viagra in canada overnight cialis purchase viagra non prescription cialis buy cialis generic levitra viagra buy levitra overnight cheapest generic levitra levitra with no rx buy cialis discount viagra cialis kamagra discount viagra cheap Viagra Professional 4 pills x 100 mg buy cheap levitra without prescription overnight delivery levitra overnight delivery levitra cheap discount cialis buy discount drug viagra cialis drug generic theneru com cheap cialis order online cialis tadalafil overnight viagra canada prescription buy cialis without prescription no prescription viagra discount cialis non prescription cheapest viagra discount viagra no prescription cheapest link viagra discount viagra no rx buy viagra on line compare cialis levitra viagra Cialis 180 pills x 10 mg order viagra overnight viagra without rx Cialis Soft Tabs 120 pills x 20 mg Viagra Soft Tabs 60 pills x 50 mg order generic viagra overnight viagra non prescription Viagra Jelly 10 pills x 100 mg buy levitra online buy cialis generic overnight delivery cialis purchase cheap viagra purchase Viagra 360 pills x 50 mg Viagra Soft Tabs 120 pills x 100 mg order viagra online cialis discount mexico discount viagra europe order viagra non prescription cialis non rx Viagra 4 pills x 100 mg viagra prices Levitra 30 pills x 20 mg buy levitra non rx buy cheap viagra online next day delivery cialis no rx required viagra without prescription order cialis online viagra online purchase generic levitra free viagra online order viagra no prescription cheap est viagra Cialis Jelly 60 Orange sachets x 20 mg cheap cialis online canada cialis online overnight cialis cialis non prescription buy discount viagra viagra alternative sildenafil citrate discount viagra cheap levitra cialis online shop buy cialis overnight delivery order viagra no rx generic viagra cialis no prescription cialis versus viagra order cialis non prescription cialis co drug eli impotence lilly viagra retail discount viagra order cialis order generic cialis softtabs viagra without rx overnight viagra online cheap viagra overnight order viagra without prescription order online cialis where to buy viagra in london overnight levitra buy cialis comparison levitra viagra valium phentermine viagra cialis xanax tramadol overnight delivery viagra cialis discount generic Cialis Soft Tabs 180 pills x 20 mg herbal viagra alternatives buy cialis cheapest prices canada lowest price generic levitra only mastercard pay overnight delivery levitra discount generic viagra blue pill 25mg buy levitra today Cialis Professional 30 pills x 20 mg canada cialis generic Cialis Soft Tabs 10 pills x 20 mg overnight delivery cialis online viagra buy online cialis viagra levitra online prescriptions cialis to buy herbal alternative viagra overnight levitra purchase viagra alternative herbal supplement cheap levitra non prescription order cialis discount levitra overnight buy online viagra Viagra 2 pills x 100 mg Cialis 10 pills x 20 mg Viagra 90 pills x 100 mg online levitra overnight delivery levitra versus cialis cialis online prescription overnight delivery cialis buy cialis more drug uses cheap levitra without prescription cheapest place to buy viagra online purchase viagra without prescription buy levitra mail Cialis 30 pills x 10 mg prescription viagra Viagra Soft Tabs 10 pills x 100 mg Cialis Jelly 90 Orange sachets x 20 mg levitra non rx Levitra Professional 90 pills x 20 mg compare viagra cialis levitra Viagra Jelly 90 pills x 100 mg cheap generic cialis Viagra 4 pills x 50 mg buying viagra online purchase cialis no rx viagra cheap overnight levitra online discount viagra overnight delivery discount viagra non rx buy cheap purchase uk viagra cheapest viagra price mail order viagra uk levitra no rx required Female Viagra 60 pills x 100 mg Viagra Jelly 30 pills x 100 mg Viagra Soft Tabs 10 pills x 50 mg purchase viagra overnight discount viagra cialis levitra overnight cialis online cialis in canada cheap generic levitra Levitra 90 pills x 20 mg Viagra 120 pills x 50 mg discount cialis overnight levitra non rx alternative viagra purchase viagra overnight delivery herbal alternative to viagra cheapest place tob uy viagra online cialis levitra viagra vs vs generic cialis online order levitra viagra online order overnight levitra discount Cialis 30 pills x 20 mg levitra pill levitra online order alternative new viagra buy herbal viagra overnight delivery cialis cheap cheap cialis overnight canada generic cialis cialis with no prescription purchase levitra overnight cialis overnight delivery generic levitra vardenafil Levitra 20 pills x 20 mg overnight cialis no rx buy cialis tadalafil generic purchase viagra buy cheap cialis link cheap viagra without prescription Viagra Professional 10 pills x 100 mg purchase levitra online buy cheap cialis online cheap viagra online buy by comment levitra herbal viagra alternative impotence drug cialis online viagra sales viagra Cialis 20 pills x 10 mg Cialis Jelly 60 Banana sachets x 20 mg Viagra Soft + Cialis Soft 1 pill x 13 mg tadalafil cialis online cialis order online viagra non prescription buy discount cialis online viagra overnight buy generic levitra online overnight levitra without rx discount cialis without prescription overnight viagra non rx cheapest online viagra buy cheap viagra online overnight viagra order cialis levita sale viaga cheapest cialis generic buy viagra order overnight levitra without prescription generic kusam viagra wf cialis taladafil cheap Cialis Jelly 90 Strawberry sachets x 20 mg Viagra Soft Tabs 30 pills x 100 mg Viagra 10 pills x 100 mg cheap viagra order online overnight viagra no rx cheap levitra order viagra sale uk discount generic cialis mexico cheap viagra order cialis with online check buy drugs at online order viagra pharmacy buy cialis no prescription purchase viagra no prescription buy gay viagra online non prescription generic viagra online viagra pill lida herbal viagra reviews viagra misuse abuse online cialis non rx discount levitra order online levitra non rx purchase levitra non rx discount cialis without rx viagra buy Viagra Soft Tabs 30 pills x 50 mg discount price on cialis order cialis cheap cialis soft tab cheap cialis discount Viagra + Cialis + Levitra 1 pill x 13 mg buy cialis online from dreampharmaceuticals Viagra Professional 60 pills x 100 mg order levitra without prescription levitra without prescription worlds cheapest viagra buying viagra online without a prescription viagra discount levitra order cheap levitra non rx online cialis no rx alternative buy lavitra levitra viagra 3.99 cialis order purchase cialis non prescription buy discount viagra online buy cialis non rx online viagra order viagra prescription cheap viagra no prescription purchase levitra discount overnight levitra no prescription Viagra 180 pills x 50 mg generic viagra for sale buy levitra on line Cialis Jelly 10 Orange sachets x 20 mg buy viagra low cost levitra purchase buy cheap purchase viagra purchase cheap cialis online discount viagra non prescription buy levitra online viagra overnight delivery levitra buy viagra online buy buy cheap generic viagra cialis purchase where to buy cialis como comprar viagra en canada buy cialis online viagra for cheap dirt cheap viagra blog cheap levitra trackback url Cialis 20 pills x 20 mg online levitra no prescription buy cialis non prescription discount viagra purchase buy cialis overnight online viagra no rx overnight levitra no rx cialis uprima viagra discount levitra overnight order viagra air travel levitra viagra viagra no rx required purchase viagra without rx viagra online discount levitra no prescription Viagra Soft Tabs 60 pills x 100 mg order levitra cheap viagra online uk overnight cialis non rx buy levitra prescription Viagra 180 pills x 100 mg cialis online pharmacy blog cialis discount trackback url get viagra purchase levitra no prescription mouth dissolving generic cialis levitra with non prescription order levitra non prescription order levitra no prescription viagra for wemon cheap viagra online no prescription cialis drug Viagra Soft Tabs 120 pills x 50 mg buy cialis cheap cialis more drug warnings recalls cheap prices for viagra without a prescription online viagra discount viagra canada no prescription required cheap levitra purchase purchase cialis no prescription generic pill viagra discount viagra without rx buy levitra without a prescription online levitra without prescription cheap cialis discount cialis pill generic viagra canada Cialis Professional 10 pills x 20 mg levitra 20mg levitra with no prescription online cialis cheap generic viagra pack overnight delivery cialis buy cialis without rx discount viagra overnight online viagra order cialis online purchase acheter cialis generic Viagra Professional 120 pills x 100 mg cheapest generic viagra cialis without prescription natural viagra alternative purchase levitra no rx buy cialis professional levitra discount cheap cialis prescription Cialis 180 pills x 20 mg cheap pfizer viagra Viagra Professional 90 pills x 100 mg buy cialis now buy levitra post reply url cialis generic tadalafil cheap cialis order cheap levitra without rx Cialis Professional 120 pills x 20 mg cialis with no rx natural alternative to viagra Cialis 90 pills x 10 mg cheapest viagra online buy cheap cialis generic levitra viagra generic cialis online consultation cheap viagra non prescription order cheap viagra cialis non rx required best cialis price discount levitra non prescription purchase levitra non prescription buy canada viagra levitra non prescription online purchase viagra cialis viagra levitra order cialis without prescription purchase levitra overnight delivery buy viagra cheap generic viagra online cheapest cialis price discount cialis overnight delivery canada free viagra levitra vs viagra buy cheap cialis from canadian pharmacy online cialis overnight cialis cheap generic cialis cheap where to buy viagra can you use viagra with cialis Cialis Jelly 20 Banana sachets x 20 mg order viagra pill online cialis drug prescription buy generic levitra discount levitra without rx buy cialis soft tabs cheap cialis without prescription buy viagra - as low as 1.55$ per pill cialis for order purchase viagra online online levitra no rx cheapest generic silagra viagra generic order viagra cheap levitra overnight overnight delivery cialis order purchase levitra discount cialis cheap levitra online Levitra Professional 10 pills x 20 mg Cialis 90 pills x 20 mg discount levitra buy viagra on purchase cialis online cialis tadalafil viagra buy viagra without prescription generic viagra cheap order levitra non rx Viagra 10 pills x 50 mg purchase cialis cheap order cialis non rx cheapest viagra online in the uk cheap herbal viagra cheap viagra uk online viagra sale online viagra overnight delivery cheap cialis no prescription levitra generic cialis buy online pill viagra buy viagra pill order levitra overnight delivery Viagra Professional 30 pills x 100 mg buy cheap viagra overnight cialis non prescription Viagra 360 pills x 100 mg overnight viagra discount cheapest place buy viagra online cheapest viagra anywhere viagra mail order buy cialis in the uk cheap levitra no rx order viagra discount levitra cialis viagra review online order discount levitra no rx cialis cheap order online overnight delivery cialis discount buy levitra non prescription cheap viagra discount buy generic cialis overnight cialis no prescription viagra non rx online cialis purchase levitra on line cialis vs levitra vs viagra Levitra Professional 30 pills x 20 mg order viagra canada buy cialis no rx purchase cialis overnight buy viagra online only per pill buy canada cialis purchase cialis without rx Cialis Jelly 10 Banana sachets x 20 mg cialis drug online alternative to viagra using viagra and cialis buying viagra in mexico viagra online no prescription Levitra 180 pills x 20 mg Viagra Soft Tabs 90 pills x 50 mg buy viagra non prescription order viagra 1 Viagra 12 pills x 100 mg cheap viagra buy cheap levitra no prescription herbal viagra alternative review discount generic viagra Cialis 10 pills x 10 mg online levitra non prescription cialis uk viagra online kaufen viagra overnight delivery buy viagra online cheap buy levitra vardenafil overnight cialis order pfizer viagra buy viagra non rx Cialis Professional 2 pills x 20 mg purchase viagra canada buy cialis viagra amerimedrx levitra order canada cialis order cheap cialis cheap viagra generic purchase cialis discount online buy cialis buy generic viagra online order cialis overnight viagra samples generic viagra buy viagra online videos buy viagra without rx Female Viagra 30 pills x 100 mg order viagra overnight Cialis Professional 60 pills x 20 mg Cialis Jelly 10 Strawberry sachets x 20 mg cialis levitra viagra vs online cialis no prescription viagra no prescription Levitra 120 pills x 20 mg free sample of viagra pill viagra discount retail buy levitra online without prescription cialis medication tadalafil viagra online store buy viagra levitra alternative lavitra generic viagra pill canada pharmacy generic cialis Viagra Soft Tabs 180 pills x 100 mg online cialis overnight order levitra overnight buy levitra without prescription buy viagra no rx overnight viagra buy buy cheapest online place viagra Female Viagra 90 pills x 100 mg buy cheap levitra online health levitra sexual viagra viagra purchase online generic cialis for sale alternative drug viagra Viagra + Cialis 1 pill x 13 mg buy viagra for women Cialis Jelly 90 Banana sachets x 20 mg Viagra 270 pills x 50 mg online viagra purchase buy viagra online viagra with no rx cialis levitra viagra levitra cialis viagra best generic viagra buy viagra in the uk overnight viagra cheap cialis without rx viagra discount online online cialis canada online levitra order cialis from canada viagra for woman purchase viagra no rx buy cheap cialis Viagra 12 pills x 50 mg buy levitra overnight levitra non prescription buy generic viagra best price viagra buy online order viagra discount cialis canada overnight delivery viagra buy cheap levitra online no prescription Viagra Jelly 60 pills x 100 mg natural alternative for viagra online levitra without rx online prescription viagra overnight delivery levitra purchase generic cialis soft tabs levitra non rx required overnight delivery levitra order viagra sale online online cialis without prescription discount levitra non rx cheap cialis non rx Levitra Professional 60 pills x 20 mg order cialis no rx levitra cheap cialis online buy buying online viagra Viagra Professional 12 pills x 100 mg can you mix levitra pill in food cialis with non prescription buy viagra overnight generic levitra cialis does viagra boost testosterone Viagra 2 pills x 50 mg Cialis Jelly 20 Strawberry sachets x 20 mg cialis and levitra canada generic viagra generic viagra soft tab order cialis without rx free samples viagra in canada cialis mail order where to buy levitra cialis viagra no prescription cheap levitra buy viagra tremor online viagra without rx viagra canada buy viagra without a prescription generic viagra cialis purchase cialis overnight delivery online viagra non rx 100 generic viagra Cialis Jelly 30 Orange sachets x 20 mg cialis com cheap cialis without rx order viagra without rx viagra sale buy cialis drug online rx discount cialis order discount viagra online cialis levitra online levitra without rx buy discount name brand viagra order discount viagra buy cialis line discount cialis no rx best viagra alternative online order viagra cialis sale viagra herb alternative overnight delivery viagra purchase viagra for sale cialis jelly generic online viagra order levitra no rx order online viagra new erectile drug cialis viagra without a prescription buying viagra without a prescription levitra cialis overnight cialis buy cheap levitra discount cialis for sale discount levitra online iguana viagra buy cheap viagra online uk cialis versus levitra order levitra online overnight levitra order keyword order viagra cheap viagra without rx herbal viagra discount cialis canada without prescription viagra online pharmacy cialis tadalafil viagra online prescription Cialis Soft Tabs 30 pills x 20 mg order cialis no prescription mail order viagra buy levitra viagra discount cialis non rx buy viagra in canada cheapest price viagra online viagra buy overnight delivery viagra discount buy prescription viagra buy levitra discount Cialis Soft Tabs 90 pills x 20 mg cheap viagra non rx order cialis overnight delivery buy levitra no prescription overnight viagra without prescription purchase cialis non rx overnight delivery viagra online Levitra 60 pills x 20 mg levitra vardenafil cialis online viagra lowest prices viagra 50 mg sale online cialis discount Viagra Soft Tabs 180 pills x 50 mg online viagra without prescription buy cheap cialis in australia canada viagra cialis drug impotence discount levitra cheap cheap levitra overnight delivery purchase viagra non prescription viagra pill cutter cialis levitra sale viagra levitra versus viagra sale of cialis cheap viagra purchase viagra discount discount generic cialis non prescription viagra purchase viagra non rx buy viagra online without prescription viagra prescription online Viagra 120 pills x 100 mg buy viagra no prescription order viagra cheap buy levitra without rx online cheap cialis viagra-sale buy levitra cheap viagra generic generic viagra cheapest purchase levitra cheap viagra soft tabs discount viagra order levitra online pharmacy cheap generic viagra viagra cialis overnight cialis without rx levitra no rx cheap cialis buy order levitra discount overnight delivery levitra online cialis overnight Viagra 30 pills x 100 mg discount cialis purchase Viagra 30 pills x 50 mg discount cialis overnight viagra pfizer buy viagra online no prescription Cialis Jelly 30 Banana sachets x 20 mg levitra overnight delivery Cialis 60 pills x 20 mg order cialis online cialis without rx cialis generic book cgi cialis guest tadalafil Cialis Jelly 20 Orange sachets x 20 mg cialis levitra viagra comparison Cialis Soft Tabs 20 pills x 20 mg cutter pill viagra levitra buy Cialis Professional 4 pills x 20 mg overnight cialis discount buy cialis generic online Viagra Soft Tabs 90 pills x 100 mg online medicine rx cialis viagra order discount viagra without prescription book cheap com guest levitra nolan site Cialis Soft Tabs 60 pills x 20 mg online cialis overnight delivery online viagra cheap online levitra buy cheap buy viagra cheapest viagra india cialis levitra viagra buy viagra online levitra discount viagra prescription sale discount cialis online viagra pill splitter viagra cialis cheap overnight viagra no prescription sale viagra lapela generic cialis online levitra cheap viagra with no prescription Viagra 90 pills x 50 mg cialis buy cheap online levitra overnight Cialis 120 pills x 20 mg hcl levitra vardenafil viagra online without prescription. overnight delivery viagra cheap Viagra 270 pills x 100 mg compare viagra prices purchase viagra cheap online cialis non prescription order viagra non rx cheap cialis in usa buy tadalafil cialis cialis cheap cheap levitra online buy viagra overnight delivery Levitra Professional 20 pills x 20 mg generic viagra omnigen overnight viagra levitra now online cialis online discount cheap viagra pills viagra side effects online levitra purchase cialis more drug interactions buy cheap levitra compare viagra levitra discount prescription viagra cheap cialis generic buy cialis online without prescription Viagra 60 pills x 100 mg online viagra no prescription viagra purchase Viagra 60 pills x 50 mg discount levitra without prescription viagra overnight purchase cialis without prescription cheap cialis non prescription levitra vs cialis generic viagra india cialis order online cheapest viagra in uk viagra best buy viagra and cialis sex cheap online viagra online cialis buy cheap viagra online without prescription cheap viagra no rx buy cheap generic cialis cialis vs viagra Levitra 10 pills x 20 mg online levitra purchase levitra without prescription cialis no rx buy levitra no rx pill viagra overnight cialis without prescription cheap cialis purchase cialis soft tabs discount levitra purchase tadalafil cialis from india viagra order online buy cialis online tadalafil cheap vs generic buying viagra in tijuana buy cialis buy online cialis buy viagra now online buying generic cialis overnight delivery viagra order buy viagra pill online levitra vardenafil hcl discount cialis no prescription Cialis Professional 90 pills x 20 mg buy viagra canada generic cialis viagra prescription cheapest price discount viagra buy purchase cialis cheap cialis no rx cialis generic online generic cialis tadalafil generic levitra online Cialis Jelly 60 Strawberry sachets x 20 mg levitra no prescription purchase levitra without rx where to buy viagra on line buy viagra online order cialis cialis vs viagra vs levitra cheap viagra overnight delivery levitra online cheap overnight levitra cheap viagra on sale Cialis Jelly 30 Strawberry sachets x 20 mg purchase viagra cialis canada viagra uk